There are 5 elements according to the Ayurveda:

  • prthvi / earth
prthvi / earth

  • ap or soma / water 
ap or soma / water

  • agni / fire
agni / fire

  • vayu / air
vayu / air

  • akasha / space
akasha / space


Relation of the 5 Elements and the 5 Senses:

Each of the element is a medium for one sense.

The sanskrit names of the 5 senses are:


  1. Gandha (smell)
  2. rasa (taste)
  3. rupa (appearance)
  4. sparsa (touch)
  5. Sabda (sound)


The relation between 5 elements and 5 senses as follows:


  1. Earth- smell
  2. Water- taste
  3. Fire- sight
  4. Air- touch
  5. Space- sound